2015 西岸行 2015 West Coast
阿拉斯加郵輪之旅 Alaska Cruise – 6
第五天 錫特卡 Day 5 – Sitka
維基百科資料: 錫特卡是美國阿拉斯加州一個市鎮合一的行政單位，位於亞歷山大群島巴拉諾夫島上。面積12,461.8平方公里，是全美面積最大的建制單位。根據美國2000年人口普查，共有人口8,835人，是該州第四大城市。1799年由沙俄建立，1972年12月2日建市。是特林吉特語Shee At’iká，即「Shee外邊的人」的意思。
Wikipedia : The City and Borough of Sitka, formerly New Archangel while under Russian rule (Tlingit: Sheetʼká; Russian: Ново-Архангельск or Новоaрхангельск, t Novoarkhangelsk), is a unified city-borough located on Baranof Island and the southern half of Chichagof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean (part of the Alaska Panhandle), in theU.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,881. In terms of land area, it is the largest city-borough in the U.S., with a land area of 2,870.3 mi2 (7,434.1 km2) and a total area (including water area) of 4,811.4 mi2 (12,460.8 km2). Urban Sitka, the part that is usually thought of as the “city” of Sitka, is situated on the west side of Baranof Island. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitka,_Alaska)
The current name “Sitka” (derived from Sheet’ká, a contraction of the Tlingit Shee At’iká) means “People on the Outside of Baranof Island”, whose Tlingit name is Sheet’-ká X’áat’l (here contracted to Shee).
Overcast with some drizzles, this was the weather we were tendered to explore the town of Sitka.
這裡雖然是阿拉斯加第四大城市, 但其實是一小鎮, 船也只停大半天, 我們就到街上隨便看看。
Sitka is the fourth largest city in Alaska, however, it does not look like a big town. It is in fact a quiet little town and not a lot of excursions were offered other than kayaking or wildlife viewing.
主街: 林肯街 Down town: Lincoln Street
當我在市中心閑逛時, 看到幼兒院的老師带着一群小孩子到 Pioneer Home 前的草地玩耍, 當時正下着小雨。隨後在禮品店裡我問在地人為何雨天還带小孩出來玩, 那小姐說: “這不是下雨, 在這裡, 我們叫它錫特卡的陽光” , 非常正面的生活態度。
While we were walking on Lincoln Street, I saw a bunch of small kids led by their teachers (probably from a day care center) walking to the front lawn of Pioneer Home. It was raining lightly at that time. I asked a local why the kids were brought out to play in the rain. She replied, “This is not rain, this is Sitkan sun.” What wonderful attitude the Sitkans have.
圖騰廣場 Totem Square
巴勒諾夫圖騰。由原住民藝術家刻於1940。原想好好的解讀此圖騰,連阿拉斯加的青蛙/蟾蜍(上面中間綠色那青蛙)分佈的資料也翻過了, 只是現在有點忙, 遲些補上。
The Baranov totem pole, carved by Tlingit craftsman in the early 1940. I have good intention to “study” the meaning of this totem pole, I have even searched for the distribution of frogs/toads (the green one above) in Alaska. However, I have run out of steam, may be later.
北極狼皮待售。Arctic timber wolf on sale.
↑ 長毛象的牙歯, 有意思。
↑ Mammoth tooth, how interesting.
↑ Russian heritage everywhere.
聖彌額爾大教堂是市中心的一所東正教堂, 是錫特卡的地標。由於同行的老友對参觀教堂没多大興趣, 我也就没有参觀, 事後悔之晚矣。
St. Michael’s Cathedral is a cathedral of the Orthodox Church in America Diocese of Alaska, at Lincoln and Matsoutoff Streets. I was hoping that we could visit the Cathedral on our way back to the tender pier. I have visited a lot of churches and temples, in Europe and Asia, but never one with Russian heritage. However, folks in our group had no interest at all, I followed them back to the ship which I deeply regretted.
The east side of Lincoln Street.
↑↓ Totem pole in front of Pacific High School
俄國主都府, 由國家公園局管理。分上下两層, 下層為展覽廳, 介紹些歷史。第二層是主教起居處和参拜的地方, 我們只参觀了下層。
Russian Bishop’s House – This is the highlight of our tour to Sitka. This historic site consists of two storeys. First floor is a general exhibition to show the history of the Bishop’s House (free admission), second floor is said to be the old Bishop’s quarter and worship chamber (admission required). We visited the first floor, and skipped the second floor.
Wikipedia : The Russian Bishop’s House, once the Russian Mission Orphanage, is a historic house museum and National Historic Landmark at Lincoln and Monastery Streets in Sitka, Alaska. Built in 1841-43, this log structure is one of the oldest surviving buildings of Russian America, and was one of the centerpieces of the Russian Orthodox church’s efforts to spread its influence among the natives of Alaska. It was the home and administrative center of Ivan Veniaminov, the first Bishop of Alaska, later canonized as Innocent of Alaska. The house is now a unit of Sitka National Historical Park, and is administered by the National Park Service.
↑ 海獺皮革。展覽廳內排有一張供遊客撫摸的。摸下去, 手感之好, 驚艷, 這才明白為何早期很多人專們獵殺它們。海獺現在是受保護動物。
↑ Sea Otter Pelt: ” A full grown prime skin, which has been stretched before drying, is about five feet long, and twenty-four to thirty inches wide, covered with very fine fur, about three-fourths of an inch in length, having a rich jet black, glossy surface, and exhibiting a silver color when blown open.” William Surgis, American merchant. The sea otter is now protected by federal law from commercial exploitation.
我們還逛到超市去看看民生食用品,基本上跟美本士無異, 只是價錢稍貴, 因為運輸費貴。
After a visit to the supermarket, we walked back to the pier for tender boat. Kayaking is a popular excursion.
Sitka 的避風港, 中間黃色的建築物就是主教府。
↑ Crescent Harbor, note Russian Bishop’s House in the middle.
House situated at the far end of the town.
By the time we embarked from Sitka, it was in the mid afternoon and the sky was a bit brighter.