Butterfly – 2 蝶千種之ニ

When I was a butterfly (actually lepidoptera) collector, I had daydreamed that one day I would be collecting Morphos in Brazil and Birdwings in New Guinea.  I never did.  Now I can only visit them in conservatories. However, I do have a few Birdwing butterflies and a Morpho in my collection.

Ornithoptera priamus is known as the Cairns Birdwing or the Common Green Birdwing. They live in New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Australia.  O. priamus has a lot of subspecies (99, to be exact).  Blue males, instead of the common green ones, can be found in some areas.  It is said that they are so big that the aboriginal folks in New Guinea used to use arrows to shoot them.  They are ‘huge’, in butterfly’s term, the wing span of a female may reach 7-8 inches. As shown below, the colors of the two sexes are distinctively different. Females are normally larger in size and less vividly colored.

年輕時曾瘋蝴蝶, 那時的梦想就是要去巴西採 Morpho 及去新畿內亞採 Birdwing. 正如少年愛画時要去看高更的大溪地的浪漫一樣, 只是白日梦而已。 O. priamus 分佈於新畿內亞、所羅門群島和澳洲. 雄蝶和雌蝶的顏色和花紋有顯著的不同。

Cairns Birdwing - Ornithoptera priamus

Cairns Birdwing – Ornithoptera priamus  (male) 綠烏翅蝶 – 雄蝶

Cairns Birdwing - Ornithoptera priamus

Cairns Birdwing – Ornithoptera priamus  (male) 綠烏翅蝶 – 雄蝶

Cairns Birdwing - Ornithoptera priamus

Cairns Birdwing – Ornithoptera priamus (female)  綠烏翅蝶 – 雌蝶

Cairns Birwaing - Ornithopter priamus (female)

Cairns Birwaing – Ornithopter priamus (female)   綠烏翅蝶 – 雌蝶

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Owl butterfly (Caligo eurilochus) is a member of Nymphalidae family. They live in Mexico, Central America to the Amazon basin of South America.  Although not as huge as the common green birdwings, the owl butterfly is a big one. Adults enjoy rotting fruits. As the following pictures show, they have a big “eye” that resembles an owl’s eye on each of the hind wings.

以前的分類有把 Owl Butterfly 分為貓頭鷹蝶科, 現在似乎是歸於挾蝶科中。它們來自中南美, 亞洲沒有其踪影。 正如圖所示, 它們比較喜欢棲息於樹幹上。

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Owl Butterfly - Caligo eurilochus

Owl Butterfly – Caligo eurilochus 貓頭鷹蝶

Owl Butterfly - Caligo eurilochus

Owl Butterfly – Caligo eurilochus 貓頭鷹蝶

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Morpho is famous because of the movie “Papillon”. It is also a member of Nymphalidae.  Morpho peleides is found in Mexico,  Central America and the north part of South America. Their well known characteristic is that they have metallic blue color on the upper wings.
這類蝶亞洲没有, 所以沒有統一的中文名字, 姑名之為藍蝶吧。 此類蝶產於墨西哥, 中美至南美的北部。

Blue Morpho -  Morpho peleides

Blue Morpho – Morpho peleides     藍蝶

Blue Morpho

Blue Morphos feeding on rotting banana.  藍蝶喜欢熟爛的水果.

Blue Morpho - Morpho peleides

Blue Morpho – Morpho peleides   藍蝶

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I know this butterfly pretty well. It was one of the species I used for my thesis. The color of the butterfly is just like what its name implies. However, its pupa is stunningly beautiful, shines like 14K gold. I remember I tried to use different chemicals to preserve the pupa and its color. Before moving to the US, I had to discard all my collection. I believe I might still have some color slides of its pupa, I’ll put it up when I find them.

據我所知, 此蝶應屬斑蝶科 (Danaidae), 可是在 Wikipedia 上的資料說是屬於 Nymphalidae, Danainae, 未知是否己經沒有 Danaidae, 而只有 Danainae 了, 不解, 待考。 此屬蝶一般稱為紫斑蝶, 因為翅面有淡淡的紫色。 此蝶的蛹可是特別的漂亮, 是闪亮的金色(是稍淡的14K金色). 我應該還有蛹的幻燈片, 以後找出來給大家看看。

The Common Crow

The Common Crow – Euploea core 紫斑蝶

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The common name for this butterfly is Julia, however, the species name is iulia instead of julia. Its distribution ranges from Brazil to Texas and Florida. 本蝶的特性是成虫比較活躍而且寿命較長。雄性的橙色較雌性亮麗。

Julia - Dryas julia

Julia – Dryas iulia

Julia

Julia – Dryas iulia

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This entry was posted in Butterfly & Insect 蝴蝶、昆蟲 and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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