Chiesa di Sant’Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio or in short Sant’Ignazio (Italian 義大利文全名). The Church of Saint Ignatius of Loyola at Campus Martius (English 英文全名).
Like the other Jesuit church, Church of the Gesu, I have posted earlier, Saint’Ignazio is also famous for its strikingly beautiful ceiling by Andrea Pozzo. It also is home for several fine sculptures of the 18th century; among them the relief L’ Annunciazione by Filippo Della Valle.
聖依納爵教堂與耶蘇教堂組成羅馬的耶蘇會核心。夲堂中庭天花與耶蘇堂的一樣, 以幻象式壁画裝飾, 同樣享有盛名。祭壇两邊有Filippo Della Valle 的浮雕, 皆一時之作。
The missing dome 疑幻疑真的教堂圓頂
Besides of the striking ceiling of the nave, Sant’Ignazio is also famous for its missing dome. The original design of the church included a copula which was never built. There are at least two versions of what had happened. 1) By 1685, when the rest of the church building was finished, the Jesuits had no money left for the dome. 2) The plan of building a copula was objected by the nuns of a convent nearby. The reason was the dome would, if built according to plan, block the view from their rooftop terrace.
I am still digging to find out which is the true story. Anyway, a member of the order, Andrea Pozzo, suggested painting a fake dome with canvas and place it at the location where the cupola would have been built. The perspective was well calculated that most people perceived it as a real dome.
聖依纳爵堂為中間有圓頂的拉丁十字的設計。現在的教堂只有一疑幻疑真的教堂圓頂。 實際上那不是真的圓頂, 而是畫出來的圓頂。由於經過精密的透視計算, 成像幾可亂真, 加上教堂內照明昏暗, 確實是疑幻疑真, 作者Andrea Pozzo 後來還受邀往維也納画另一個假圓頂。至於為何沒有建圓頂的理由有两種說法. 其一: 當教堂建造到圓頂時, 教會已阮囊羞澀, 只好以假亂真。其二: 並非財政因素, 實際上是附近修院的修女反對, 理由是圓頂會擋住他們屋頂上陽台的視野云云。
I have already posted the pictures of two pairs of Baroque angels from the Church of Sant’Ignazio in my previous post – Angels. 教堂內有两對著名的巴洛式天使已放在前一輯”義大利風情之天使”中。