羅馬聖依納爵教堂 Sant’Ignazio Church, Rome

Chiesa di Sant’Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio or in short Sant’Ignazio (Italian 義大利文全名). The Church of Saint Ignatius of Loyola at Campus Martius (English 英文全名).

Like the other Jesuit church, Church of the Gesu, I have posted earlier, Saint’Ignazio is also famous for its strikingly beautiful ceiling by Andrea Pozzo.  It also is home for several fine sculptures of the 18th century; among them the relief L’ Annunciazione by Filippo Della Valle.

聖依納爵教堂與耶蘇教堂組成羅馬的耶蘇會核心。夲堂中庭天花與耶蘇堂的一樣, 以幻象式壁画裝飾, 同樣享有盛名。祭壇两邊有Filippo Della Valle 的浮雕, 皆一時之作。

The facade. 聖依納爵教堂 堂前的巴洛式建築風格。義大利教堂不能穿露肩露膝的服裝入內, 夲堂比較自由。第二次去時竞見人用三脚架拍照, 把我忌妒死了。

The interior.  I saw a guy using a tripod to take picture inside !! Nobody enforced the dressing code neither, amazing.  內部。

The ceiling of the nave of Sant’Ignazio. This is more illusionistic than the one in the Church of Gesu. The perspective is amazing. 教堂中庭天花, 似乎較耶蘇堂的還要立体和”幻象”。

 The fresco, with perfect perceptive, depicts Catholic worshipers from 4 continents being uplifted to heaven. Four ladies sitting at the four corners represent Europe, America, Asia and Africa. 此圖描繪天下四洲的信徒被引升天堂。图的四方有一女士代表每一大洲。見下圖。

America   美洲

Europe  歐洲

Asia  亞洲

Africa  非洲

Detail -1               細節一

Detail -2                細節ニ (找不到圖中拉丁文的意思)

Detail -3  Central           細節三, 中央部汾

Can’t find  info for this part. 未找到此部份的資料。

The arch next to the missing “dome”.    天花近”圓頂”的部份。

 Can’t find info for this part.  未找到此部份的資料。

The Life of S. Ignatius.   聖依纳爵的生平.

The apse above the altar. 祭壇上方的壁画-聖依纳爵的生平.

Fresco on the apse depicts scenes from the life of S. Ignatius. 祭壇上方壁画描繪聖依纳爵的生平。

—————————————————————————————————————

The missing dome     疑幻疑真的教堂圓頂

Besides of the striking ceiling of the nave, Sant’Ignazio is also famous for its missing dome. The original design of the church included a copula which was never built. There are at least two versions of what had happened. 1) By 1685, when the rest of the church building was finished, the Jesuits had no money left for the dome. 2) The plan of building a copula was objected by the nuns of a convent nearby. The reason was the dome would, if built according to plan, block the view from their rooftop terrace.

I am still digging to find out which is the true story. Anyway, a member of the order, Andrea Pozzo, suggested painting a fake dome with canvas and place it at the location where the cupola would have been built. The perspective was well calculated that most people perceived it as a real dome.

聖依纳爵堂為中間有圓頂的拉丁十字的設計。現在的教堂只有一疑幻疑真的教堂圓頂。 實際上那不是真的圓頂, 而是畫出來的圓頂。由於經過精密的透視計算, 成像幾可亂真, 加上教堂內照明昏暗, 確實是疑幻疑真, 作者Andrea Pozzo 後來還受邀往維也納画另一個假圓頂。至於為何沒有建圓頂的理由有两種說法. 其一: 當教堂建造到圓頂時, 教會已阮囊羞澀, 只好以假亂真。其二: 並非財政因素, 實際上是附近修院的修女反對, 理由是圓頂會擋住他們屋頂上陽台的視野云云。

The missing dome.    疑幻疑真的教堂圓頂

The relief L’ Annunciazione by Filippo Della Valle 天使報喜的浮雕.

I have already posted the pictures of two pairs of Baroque angels from the Church of Sant’Ignazio in my previous post – Angels. 教堂內有两對著名的巴洛式天使已放在前一輯”義大利風情之天使”中。

This buildings across the piazza from Sant’Ignazio are private houses built in 1727 for sale. They are handsome even by today’s standard. 這座房子建在教堂的對面, 由於設計美侖美奐, 很多人都以為是教堂的附屬建築物, 其實這是建於1727年的私人公寓。

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Catholic 天主教, Church 教堂, Italy 義大利, My Collection 自選集 and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s