日本武士甲冑-1 Samurai Armor-1

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日本武士甲冑 (Lumix LX7 實戰錄) 第一部份                                                                            Samurai Armor (& Panasonic Lumix LX7 field test) Part 1

波士頓美術館 4.14 -8.4.2013 – 日本武士甲胄展。此展覽相當不俗, 頭盔數目和型式頗多, 全套的盔甲亦不少。這裡除了紀錄所見外(没有全拍), 亦是新機 Lumix LX7 的第一次實戰測試。不同於前一次在美術舘悠閑地小試幾張, 這次因是新展覽, 觀眾頗多, 拍照時要眼明手快, 在有限空間快速構圖, 同時亦無太多時間去作調整。使用上, 尚稱滿意, 但仍有不少改善的空間。

所有照片以 P 模式拍攝, ISO=400, 快門多在1/15 至1/60秒, 光圈 1.4-4 之間。部份照片用Picasa 稍調對比和放大, 效果尚稱滿意。All pictures were taken with a Lumix LX7, ISO=400, shutter speed mostly around 1/15-1/60 sec while aperture was between 1.4-4. Minor adjustment, mainly increase of contrast and cropping, were performed with Picasa.

Boston Museum of Fine Art, 4.14 -8.4.2013 – Samurai! Armor from the Ann and Gabriel Barbier-Mueller Collection. This post is also served as a field test for my Lumix LX7. I didn’t take any DSLR with me that day, it was the first week of the exhibition and the hall was  crowded, meaning that all pictures were taken kind in a hurry. A lot of pictures were taken with a shutter speed 1/15 – 1/30 sec. In general, LX7 is working nicely except that I need to study the manual more so as to better set up the camera.

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P1020078File:Japanese Armour Diagram by Wendelin Boeheim.jpg
日本甲冑各部Construction of samurai armour, Source Wendelin Boeheim Leipzig 1890 (Wikipedia):
1. Cuirass – dou or dō (胴(仏胴))
2. Fauld – kusazuri (草摺)
3. Cuisse – haidate (佩楯)
4. Poleyn – tateage (立挙)
5. Greaves – suneate (臑当(篠臑当))
6. Sabaton – kōgake (甲懸)
7. Spaulders – sode (袖(当世袖))
8. Vambrace – kote (籠手(篠籠手))
9. Gauntlets – tekkō (手甲(摘手甲))
10. Helm – kabuto (兜(日根野形頭形兜))
11. Badge (helmet) – kasa-jirushi (腰巻)
12. Forehead plate – mabisashi (眉庇)
13. Lame – fukikaeshi (吹返)
14. Neck guard – shikoro (しころ(日根野しころ))
15. Crest (here: water buffalo horns) – wakidate (立物(水牛の脇立))
16. Crest (here: sun disk) – maedate (立物(日輪の前立))
17. Faceplate – menpō or mempō (面頬(目の下頬))
18. Badge (shoulder) – sode-jirushi (垂)
19. Bevor – yodare-kake (襟廻)

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由於背景雜亂, 下面幾張照片在Photoshop上濛化背景, 以突出主題。In order to clearly show the armor, the background of the following pictures have been blurred.

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下面的甲胄原屬於毛利氏, Yoshiki (佳樹?)一支。下面一段美術館的英文說明中提到多數的衣物和甲胄上均帶有五七桐家紋。綱上資料顯示,五七桐不是毛利氏的家紋(毛利氏的家紋是一文字三ッ星), 下圖的頭盔上有两套家紋, 五七桐在两側, 小型, 中央主位大型的是菊花配菊葉紋(似西鄉隆盛的家紋, 含有菊花的家紋通常都是天皇所賜), 故猜想五七桐紋實乃表明服務於當政者麾下, 而中央抱き菊の葉に菊才是甲冑主人的家紋(?)。
抱き菊の葉に菊(西郷隆盛)     抱き菊の葉に菊(西郷隆盛)    
五七桐の紋                    五七桐紋: 足利尊氏和豐田秀吉均曾受天王賜用, 此紋遂成為”政權担當者の紋章”, 現為日本內閣総理大臣之紋章。Yoshiki 一支到底是毛利氏那一支, 仍未查得, 祈識者教之。

MFA Commentary – [The Mōri clan (毛利氏 Mōri-shi): This exceptional set belonged to the Yoshiki branch of the Mori Clan, a prominent daimyo family whose origins can be traced back to the 12th century. The only known set of its kind outside Japan, it includes a complete armor, several surcoats (jinbarori), equestrian equipment, a remarkable firecap, and weapons. Most of the pieces bear the family’s identifying paulownia leaf crest (kiri mon).]

I was not able to find any information about the Yoshiki branch of the Mori Clan. However, the paulownia crest mentioned in MFA’s commentary was not the family crest of Mori Clan.  It was used by the first shogun, Ashikaga Takauji (足利 尊氏), of the Shikaga shogunate and then Toyotomi Hideyoshi (豊臣 秀吉) and had later become the crest of current political ruler. It is now the crest of the Prime Minister of Japan (the blue seal above). As shown below, the main crest in the middle is the chrysanthemum on chrysanthemum leaves. The small kiri mon on the side may only be an indication of service under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

P1020003MFA Commentary – [ The set reveals the sophistication of the many components of  a samurai’s outer wear (omote dōgu). In fact, omote dōgu describes the equipment used by the samurai for public appearances as a member of an elite class and man of honor. This armor is believed to have been offered to a member of the Mōri clan by the great warrior Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) in recognition of the clan member’s efforts during Japan’s invasions of Korea in the 1590s.]

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五七桐紋。Paulownia seal, 五七桐紋 (5-7 kirimon, once was used by the Toyotomi Clan).

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火事兜。Fire cap, protects against the flames in a fire.

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火事兜。Fire cap. Used by women?

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胴中央上部两圓錐型凹陷據說是火槍弹痕。The two dents on the Cuirass, dou or dō (胴(仏胴)), are said to have been caused by bullets.

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太刀 sword.

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功箭, Bow and arrows. Japanese bamboo bows can be especially long and suitable for use on horseback.

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轎內用之小功。Bow for Palanquin. The shogun and daimyo would sometimes travel in a palanquin carried by men on foot. This bow was designed to be used in the confined space.

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箭袋 Quiver. This quiver is covered in lacquered leather and boar fur.

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箭袋。 Quiver (ebira). This box-shaped quiver is covered in bear fur and was worn suspended from the shoulder and attached to a belt. The circular accessory, called tsurumaki, is covered in snakeskin and meant to hold bowstrings.

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箭頭, 中央一支刻有代表不動明王的梵文。Arrowheads. The middle one is decorated with Sanskrit letter represent Fudo myoo, the others are family crests.

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箭頭, 飾有中國十二生肖的圓盤, 下两心型被稱為野豬眼。Arrowheads. This bears the Chinese zodiac wheel and two heart shapes known by craftsmen as “boar’s eyes”.

日本甲胄展覧英文網頁

Link to Samurai Exhibition, Museum of Fine Art, Boston

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This entry was posted in Art 藝術, Boston 波士頓, Japan 日夲 and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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