茵萊湖賓達亞佛窟 Pindaya, Shwe Oo Min Caves

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賓達亞佛窟 –

賓達亞佛窟位於緬甸禅邦高地, 茵莱湖的西北方, 所以我們自蒲甘飛往Hehoe機場, 立刻首途西北方往賓達亞, 然後才回轉茵萊湖畔的酒店。

Wikipedia: The Pindaya Caves (Burmese: ပင်းတယရွှေဥမင်pronounced [pɪ́ɴdəja̰ ʃwè ṵmɪ̀ɴ]; officially ပင်းတယရွှေဥမင်သဘာဝလိုဏ်ဂူဘုရား), located next to the town of Pindaya, Shan State,  Burma (Myanmar) are a Buddhist pilgrimage site and a tourist attraction located on a limestone ridge in the Myelat region. There are three caves on the ridge which runs north-south, but only the southern cave can be entered and explored. It is not known whether the other two penetrate for any extended distance into the hillside.

Wikipedia : Pindaya Caves

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Stupas seen en route from Hehoe airport to Pindaya.

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賓達亞佛窟是十分重要的佛教聖地, 途中見有不少佛塔⇑。 

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⇑⇓ 從賓達亞佛窟往山下望見的佛塔群, 第一次看到粉紅色的佛塔。

⇑⇓ Pagodas seen from Pindaya Caves; pink-colored pagoda, never seen before.

_DSC2625 我們看到少數民族到此朝聖⇓, 請教導遊才知道是傈僳族和巴奥族, 還有一些不知其名(見最後面)。

Pindaya Caves is important pilgrimage site for local people, during our short visit there, we’ve seen groups of minority paying their pilgrimage.

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⇑ 傈僳族是藏緬語族, 分佈甚廣, 遍及緬甸、中國雲南、泰國和印度。

⇑  Lishu people . Wikipedia- The Lisu people (လီဆူလူမျိုး[lìsʰù]; Chinese: 傈僳; pinyin: Lìsù zú; Thai: ลีสู่; Lisu: ꓡꓲ-ꓢꓴ or ꓡꓲꓢꓴ) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic groupwho inhabit mountainous regions of Burma (Myanmar), southwest China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

⇓ Pa Oo people (Pa’O people)  Wikipedia: The Pa’O people are the second largest ethnic group in the state of Shan. They also reside in Kayin State, Kayah State, Mon State, and the Bago Division. They are believed to be of Tibeto-Burman lineage, and share the language and culture of the Karen people.  Historically, the Pa’O wore colorful clothing until King Anawratha defeated the Mon King, Makuta of Thaton. The Pa’O were enslaved and forced to wear indigo-dyed clothing to signify their status. _JSF4910

巴奧人: 維基百科 -(緬甸語:ပအိုဝ်းလူမျိုး(ပအိုဝ်ႏ)IPA:[pəo̰ lùmjóʊ],撣語:ပဢူဝ်း),另譯巴歐人、帕歐人或勃歐人等,是緬甸第七大民族,人口約為2,000,000至2,600,000。巴歐人也是撣邦的第二大民族。他們亦分布於克倫邦、克耶邦、孟邦和勃固省等地。他們的語言為藏緬語族分支,與克倫族有密切關係。該民族分為兩支:直通的低地巴歐人與東枝的高地巴歐人。據信有多達24個巴歐分支。

⇓  The legend of the spider: Pindaya Caves is also known as the Spider Caves, local legend goes, once a giant spider lived in the cave. One day, seven princesses were captured by the Spider and brought to the cave. The Prince of Shan happened to be in the neighborhood, he came to rescue by killing the giant spider with bow and arrow. The following photos tell the story.

⇓  傳說很早以前, 賓達亞窟稱為蜘蛛洞,裡面住着吃人的蜘蛛精。一天, 七位公主在湖中出浴時,被蜘蛛精擄入石窟中,禅邦王子剛好在附近, 遂带弓箭射來賓達亞窟救公主。蜘蛛精聞訊出迎, 被王子一箭射殺, 救出七位公主。⇓ 賓達亞窟前有這一組雕像就講述這一故事。

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⇑金窟塔              ⇓善信在塔基敷上金箔, 是禮佛功德的一種方式。

Shwe U Min Pagoda or the Golden Cave Pagoda. Devotee gilding gold-leaves to the pagoda base. It is generally believed that gilding a Buddha image or a stupa with gold leaf brings credit to the gilder.

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⇑⇓ Perspiring Statue (Perspiring Buddha)                      ⇑⇓两尊會” 冒汗”的黑玉佛 。

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⇑ 南傳佛教的特色, 佛陀坐於蛇神Naga 之下, 蛇神的形像在婆羅門教和印度教經典中常有出現。

The Lord Buddha sitting under a hood of the naga.

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⇑ 很多的佛像是國際的信眾(印尼、香港、美國….)捐欵奉立的。據說現在已不接受捐獻了。

A lot of the Buddha images were devoted by devotees from all over the world.. Indonesia, Hong Kong, USA…   

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Pindaya Caves is not just a popular tourist destination but also a Buddhist pilgrimage center. Shan state and the areas nearby inhibited a lot of minority communities. The souvenir shops outside the Pindaya Caves displayed a lot of minority dolls.

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⇑ ⇓   傈僳族           ⇑ ⇓  Lishu people 

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⇑⇓  巴奧人         ⇑⇓ Pa Oo people (Pa’O people)

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This entry was posted in Architecture 建築, Art 藝術, Buddhism 佛教, Myanmar 緬甸, Temple 廟, Travel 旅遊 and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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