曼谷大臥佛寺 Bangkok, Wat Pho (2)

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卧佛寺是曼谷最大和最老的寺院之一。寺內供奉有過千尊佛像, 而當然寺內的卧佛是最大的。長方形的腹地分两部份, 四方形的部份, 中央建有介堂(主殿), 四方有東、南、西、北四殿, 中有迴廊連接。迴廊是双重式迴廊, 中央有較小的塔, 其中有中國的七級石浮屠。

Wikipedia – Wat Pho is one of the largest and oldest wats in Bangkok with an area of 50 rai, 80,000 square metres, and is home to more than one thousand Buddha images, as well as one of the largest single Buddha images at 150 feet (46 m) in length. The Wat Pho complex consists of two walled compounds bisected by Chetuphon Road running in the east–west direction. The larger northern walled compound, the phutthawat, is the part open to visitors and contains the finest buildings dedicated to the Buddha, including the bot with its four directional viharn, and the temple housing the reclining Buddha. The southern compound, the sankhawat, contains the residential quarters of the monks and a school.

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⇑⇓ 双重式迴廊中的中國七級石浮屠。迴廊中供有數以百計的佛像, 據說是拉瑪一世購買的。

⇑⇓ This double cloister contains hundreds of Buddha images from northern Thailand selected out of the 1,200 originally brought by King Rama I. In the courtyard of the double cloister, there is a Chinese stone stupa.

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⇑⇓  迴廊中數以百計的佛像

⇑⇓  Buddha images in double cloister:

Wikipedia : This double cloister contains around 400 images of Buddha from northern Thailand selected out of the 1,200 originally brought by King Rama I. Of these Buddha images, 150 are located on the inner side of the double cloister, another 244 images are on the outer side.  These Buddha figures, some standing and some seated, are evenly mounted on matching gilded pedestals. These images are from different periods in Thai history, such as the Chiangsaen, Sukhothai, U-Thong, and Ayutthaya eras, but they were renovated by Rama I and covered with stucco and gold leaves to make them look similar.

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_DSC0560-6⇓ 迴廊的四角位置各有一高棉式的塔, 外敷大理石塊, 東、南、西、北方各有神祇護塔。

⇓  Phra Prang – Wikipedia – There are four towers, or phra prang, at each corner of the courtyard around the bot. Each of the towers is tiled with marbles and contains four Khmer-style statues which are the guardian divinities of the Four Cardinal Points.

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臥佛寺被視為泰國的第一座大學,及傳統泰式按摩的發源地。在19世紀中葉西方醫學傳入之前,臥佛寺也是醫學教育的中心。裡面有泰式按摩學校, 附近庭院中有泰色瑜珈式的雕像。

Thai massage – Wikipedia – The temple is considered the first public university of Thailand, teaching students in the fields of religion, science, and literature through murals and sculptures. A school for traditional medicine and massage was established at the temple in 1955, and now offers four courses in Thai medicine: Thai pharmacy, Thai medical practice, Thai midwifery, and Thai massage.

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⇑⇓  泰色瑜珈式的雕像。

⇑⇓  Statues depicting Thai yoga pose at Wat Pho Temple.

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迴廊內的壁画            Mural in cloister

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令我驚奇是殿前的中國石牌樓。

I was surprised to see there was a stone archway standing in front of the East Viharn.

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⇑⇓ 東殿内有八米高的立佛。

The east viharn contains an 8 metre tall standing Buddha, the Buddha Lokanatha, originally from Ayutthaya.

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中國石雕像:

在卧佛寺內, 甚至隔壁的皇宮和對岸的鄭王廟內, 都擺放着頗多精美的中國雕像, 它們如真人般大小, 甚至稍大。這些雕像雕刻得十分細緻, 人物以武官為多, 亦有文官, 什至是欧洲人的形象。

Chinese Statues:
Wikipedia: A number of large Chinese statues, some of which depict Europeans, are also found within the complex guarding the gates of the perimeter walls as well as other gates within the compound. These stone statues were originally imported as ballast on ships trading with China.

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                                            欧洲人的形象    This statue depicts European.

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This entry was posted in Architecture 建築, Art 藝術, Buddhism 佛教, Monastery 寺院, Myanmar 緬甸, Thailand 泰國, Travel 旅遊 and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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