2013 北美西部行腳之七 : 加州樂居鎮 2013 Westbound 7 : Locke, CA
這是此次加州行第三個要去参觀的早期中國人聚居的地方。跟Weaverville 和Oroville 不同的是, Locke 的建立是在尋金熱(1848-1855)數十年之後。聚居的國人來此是参與堤壩的建築和農產品種植/收割的エ作。Locke 的網頁上有這樣的記述:
[約有三、四千中國人於一八七零年開始集結於沙加緬度縣三角州地區，他們投身於建築堤壩及農業工作。沿著沙加緬度河，此三千多華工分佈於數個小鎮居住，包括有埃靈頓(Isleton)，汪古魯 (Walnut Grove)，和葛崙(Courtland)。於一九一五年，汪古魯的唐人埠發生大火，燒毀了整個唐人 埠，其後有部份中山人和距離汪古魯埠約半哩的地主George Locke相熟，便得到他的同意租出他 的土地來建立一個唐人埠，並定名為樂居港(Lockeport)，後來改名為樂居鎮。
鎮內共有屋宇約五十間，大都是於開埠首五年建成，於一九二零年後樂居鎮相當繁榮，居民有 五、六百人，全屬華人。商業方面有影院，中藥店，六間餐館，九間雜貨鋪，數間宿舍，並有數 間賭館及妓寮。妓寮由白人經營，賭館、酒寮、鴉片煙窟則由華人經營。
The beginning of house building that lead to a rural Chinese community was in 1912. According to the official website of the town, levee construction was the reason the Chinese were brought to this rural area of Sacramento Delta , and by the time the town was built, most of the work was in farm labor. The first building in Locke was a dry goods store/beer saloon, and then a gambling hall… Finally, a total of seven buildings formed the hamlet of then so called Lockeport. In 1915, a fire burned down the Chinatown in the nearby Walnut Grove (see the map) causing the folks to move to Locke which was built on the land leased from George Locke (Chinese was not allowed to own land at that time). The population of Locke swelled with the growing season and harvest. the Chinese population would be as many as 1000 to 1500. By 1920, Locke stood essentially as visitors see it today.
正街 (主街道) On the Main Street.
There are a number of museums open to visitors. We visited three of them, the school, the gambling hall and a community hall, admissions were free. There were no curators on site, visitors were welcome to walk in and enjoy the exhibition which was basically the restored old state of the establishment.
鎮上的學校博物館 The school/museum.
大來賭館博物館 The gambling house/.
俊英會館博物館：俊英會館用現代說話就是中山同鄕會活動中心。樂居鎮居民多來自廣東中山縣，大部份是男性, 隻身赴美。 俊英會館提供收信、寫信、膳食等服務。並提供場地供同鄉閱報, 聊天, 玩牌, 和唱戲。
The Chinese Association Museum/The Jan Ying Benevolent Association
This has been the social center and informal headquarters for the men from the Zhongshen of Guongdong Province. Mails were received here and help was available for writing letters. Folks also came here to read Chinese newspapers, play games, enjoy tea, play music, or just to have a chat in their own dialect. The association was equipped with a big kitchen which indicates that this establishment at sometime provided meals for its members (most of the members, particularly at the early time, were men who left their families behind).
樂居鎮綱頁 Links :